- Cleansers dissolve makeup and dirt to keep pores clean and prepare the skin for other products
- Cleansers contain emollients that soften dry skin
- Cleansers contain different ingredients to counteract various skin problems such as sensitivity, dehydration, oil and acne.
- Toners remove residue left behind by cleansers or other products Toners freshen and restore the skins natural pH after cleansing and hydrate the skin
- Astringents have a temporary tightening effect on the skin and follicle opening
- Some toners contain different ingredients to counteract various skin problems such as sensitivity, dehydration or oil and acne.
Exfoliants Benefits (Mechanical or Chemical)
- Remove dead epidermal cells from the surface
- Follicles are cleaner
- Extractions are easier
- Cell turn over is increased
- The skins ability to retain moisture is increased
- Aids in product penetration
- Increases blood flow and circulation
- Makeup applies more smoother
- Reduces blackheads, and minor acne breakouts
- Removes cell build up from dry skin
- Evens skin tone and colour
- Tighten and Tone the skin
- Draw out impurities out of the pores
- Clears up blemishes
- Calms and Soothes
- Rejuvenates the skin
- Brightens complexion
- Concentrated ingredients that target specific skin conditions
- Chemical formulated to penetrate deep into the skin
- Provide vitamins, lipids and antioxidants to the skin’
Eye Cream Benefits
- Protecting thin delicate tissues
- Reduce lines
- Decrease puffiness
Lip Cream Benefits
- Some products contain ingredients that plump up the lips
- Some products contain exfoliants to soften the lip
- Healing and protection properties
- Protect skin from elements
- Nourish skin though ingredients
- Balance the oil-water content of the skin
- Treating various skin conditions
Sunscreens help to provide protection to the skin from UV rays. UV damage can lead to skin cancer, premature aging, hyperpigmentation, capillary damage, free radical damage, and collagen and elastin deterioration.
- UVA – Aging Rays
- UVB – Burning Rays
Broad Spectrum Physical (not chemical) sunscreens protect against UVA & UVB exposure. They contain both ingredients sucha as Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. A broad-spectrum SPF 15 or higher combined with other measures such as sunglasses and avoiding the sun midday can help prevent skin cancer.
SPF refers to the Sun Protection Factor, that delays sun induced erythema. This focuses on the time it takes for UVB rays to get through a sunscreen and cause the skin to go red, compared to the time it takes when there is no sunscreen. An SPF sunscreen that blocks out 50% allows you to stay in the sun twice as long as you could with no sun protection. If it takes 15 times longer to burn the skin with a sunscreen on than it does with no sunscreen applied the SPF is 15. In theory, it would take 10 minutes for the skin with no sunscreen to start going red, an SPF 30 would prevent this for 30 times longer. Increasing the SPF increases the protection, although it is wrong to think with a higher SPF a person can spend more time in the sun.
Factors that impact the effectiveness of a sunscreen include:
- Weather conditions
- Time of day
- Skin type
- How the lotion is applied
- How much is used
- Other environmental factors
Most people only use 25-50% of the recommended amount for their face and body. In addition, the blocking effect wears off after a maximum of 2 hours. The lotion will need to be reapplied. No sunscreen completely blocks out all UVB rays, and a large increase to SPF will only boost the blocking power by a small percentage.
- An SPF 15 sunscreen blocks out 93% of UVB rays
- An SPF 30 sunscreen blocks out 97% of UVB rays
- An SPF 50 sunscreen blocks out 98% of UVB Rays
Tips for Sunscreen
- One ounce (equivalent to a shot glass) is a suitable amount for a single application for the average body size
- Sunscreen should be applied 15 min before sun exposure
- Uniformly applying the sunscreen to the body every 2 hours and reapplying more often in areas that rub or sweat.
- No sunscreen is waterproof and water-resistant sunscreens only offer 40 minutes of protection
- UV rays can penetrate 1 meter under water
- The sun is at its strongest UV radiation between 10am- 4pm. At 1pm the sun is 4 times as intense as it is at 9am.
- Clothing, Sunglasses and hats are also important for reducing the skin exposure to UV light
- UV rays can still penetrate during a cloudy day
- Snow, Water, Metal and certain surfaces can reflect UV rays back on to the skin, increasing exposure.
- High Altitude activities are high risk because less UV light is absorbed by the atmosphere
- It only takes 15 minutes of sun exposure get your daily vitamin D